The State of Qatar is a sovereign and independent state in the Middle East, and is comprised of a peninsula that stretches approximately 200 kilometers in length and 100 kilometers in width. The total land area of the state is 11,850 square kilometers, including a number of islands and coral reefs. Qatar shares its southern border with Saudi Arabia and a maritime border Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Iran. Most of the country is flat plain, covered in sand and gravel. As a result, most development is along the coast. Since June 2013 the country is ruled by Emir H H Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.
Qatar’s move towards modernisation began in earnest in 1995 when past ruler Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani came to power. Rapid social, economic, and political reforms have been undertaken during his rule including the widening of public participation in national, the introduction of voting for women, a lifting of censorship on media, and an emphasis on arts and education.
Qatar has the world's third largest natural gas reserves and oil reserves in excess of 25 billion barrels which has fueled Qatar to become world's richest country per capita and achieve the highest human development in the Arab World and 36th highest globally; furthermore, it is recognized as a high income economy by the World Bank and also the 19th most peaceful country in the world.
There are approximately 2 million people living in Qatar. More than half of the population lives in the capital city of Doha. Three-quarters of the Qatari population are Muslim, while the remaining population practices a variety of other religions. The official language is Arabic, though English is commonly spoken. The thriving economy has attracted a large number of expatriates, particularly from neighboring Arabic states.
The Climate of Qatar can be described as subtropical dry, hot desert climate with low annual rainfall, very high temperatures in summer and a big difference between maximum and minimum temperatures, especially in the inland areas. The coastal areas are slightly influenced by the Persian Gulf, and have lower maximum, but higher minimum temperatures and a higher moisture percentage in the air.
Summer (June to September) is very hot with low rainfall. Daily maximum temperatures can reach easily 40°C or more. Winter is cooler with occasional rainfall. Spring and autumn are warm, mostly dry and pleasant, with maximum temperatures between 25°C and 35°C and cooler night Temperatures between 15 and 22°C.
Lightweight cottons and linens are worn during summer months, with warm clothes for cooler evenings and during the winter. Rainwear is advisable during winter.
To know more about Qatar please visit www.qatartourism.gov.qa/
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